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Navigation for San Fernando Rey de España:

Mission San Fernando Rey de España

In Brief

Founded: 8 September 1797 by Padre Fermin Francisco de Lasuén
Named for: St. Ferdinand, King of Spain (1217-1252)
Number in Series: 17th
Indian Name: Pashecgna
Brand: San Fernando Brand

Detail

1769: After an arduous journey from Mexico to San Diego and after helping to start the mission in San Diego, Don Gaspár de Portolá, the appointed Governor of California, led an overland expedition to explore the route up to Monterey. Along the way Padre Juan Crespí, diarist for the journey, documented a large valley he named Santa Catalina de Bononia de los Encinos (Saint Catherine of Bologna's Valley of the Live Oaks). It was here that the future Mission San Fernando Rey de España would be established.

8 September 1797: This summer was a busy one for Padre Lasuén; this mission is the fourth he opened in 1797. The first buildings were finished only two months after dedication. The property the mission was constructed on belonged to Mission San Gabriel Arcángel and was being lived on by Don Francisco Reyes, alcalde of the Pueblo of Los Angeles. During construction, the padres lived in the Reyes ranch house. Reyes was a patron at the mission's formal dedication and became godfather to the first baptized child at the mission.

1799: The first church was completed.

1800: Second church replaced the first due to mission growth. The Los Angeles market was a ready buyer for the mission's hides, tallow, soap, cloth, and livestock. Additionally, the large number of travellers required the construction of new buildings to house them. In particular, the famous "long building" (Convento) stood over all the others and at 243 feet long, 50 feet wide, and two stories high, with 20 arches along the front it became the largest adobe building in California (it's often confused for the mission itself).

At its peak, the mission had 30,000 grapevines along with wine-making facilities. 21,000 head of livestock browsed the area. From these, large quantities of rawhide strips were made (used to hold buildings together in lieu of nails).

1806: The third church on the site was dedicated amid great celebration. The quadrangle was also completed.

1812: A series of devastating earthquakes brought many of the mission buildings down. On 8 December, the Wrightwood quake weakened and/or brought down many buildings and the 21 December quake destroyed much of the new church. It took 30 new beams and brick buttresses to shore up the building. The Convento was the only building left standing.

1834: Mexico's Secularization Laws were ratified in 1834. At San Fernando, Padre Ibarra was allowed to remain but eventually he left due to the hostility of civil authorities.

1843: A worker at a local rancho (Placerita Canyon) pulled up onions and found gold flakes in the roots. This caused a mini-gold rush six years before the big 1849 California gold strike. Over the next four years everything that could be dug up in the area was dug up, including the floor of the church under the assumption that the padres had hidden a store of gold there.

1845: California Governor Pio Pico leased the mission property to his brother Andres for use as a summer home. This quickly ended when Colonel Frémont (U.S. Army) occupied the mission for a short period.

1861: The courts gave the property back to the Church. But, little was done to preserve the buildings.

Over the following years the roof tiles and anything else of value were removed by settlers and others for use on their own property. As a final insult...

1896: The Convento was leased out to be used as a hog farm.

August 1916: The Landmarks Club took interest in restoration. They organized a ceremony where 6,000 individuals came, bought candles for $1.00 each, and formed a procession. Thus began the long process of turning the piles of adobe back into a mission.

1922: One fountain moved 300 feet from the Mission Court Yard to its present location. The fountain is a replica of a fountain in Spain. Both fountains in the part opposite the mission belonged to the mission water system.

1923: Church officials took up the restoration task. The work continues.

In addition to being a tourist attraction, the mission's location relative to Hollywood has allowed it to star in a number of pictures.

References

Navigation for Mission San Fernando Rey de España:

Mission Home :: History :: Exterior :: Interior


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